Sermon on the Mount
Read Matthew 5:13-16
Exercise – I am? (What I am is my being)
Piece of paper I am (and blanks)
I hope you took the chance to study about Salt and Light this week. If so you may have noticed that some scholars believe the Beatitudes and 13-16 go together.
If for no other reason there is a connection because Jesus is teaching two more aspects of being.
Being leading to doing? This again is the pattern we will see related to being salt and light.
What did you think of the exercise – I am____________?
If you are a follower of Jesus, make sure Salt & Light are on the list.
Lets dig into what Jesus taught verse-by-verse.
Verse 13 Salt
I spent a lot of time this week studying about Salt to understand why Jesus may have taught the disciples that they were salt. In the end I am convinced that Jesus meant what He said and said what He meant.
Jesus’ followers, disciples, are salt. But salt that is not salty, is useless. So, what kind of disciple do you believe Peter, James, John, and the rest of the 12 wanted to be when they heard this sermon? Yea, salty – salt. They probably had little to know idea exactly what Jesus meant by His saying they are salt. But I am confident they were motivated to find out how to be salty-salt.
I believe the disciples immediately understood the importance of being salty-salt. They knew as Jews they had a Covenant of Salt with God. Every sacrifice at the temple was to be salted with salt, both reminding them of God’s covenant with them and to enhance the sacrifice for God. They also knew that salt was part of every good meal, it was very important. And salt was quite valuable and spiritually was a symbol of purity.
They learned in the months and years to come what it truly meant to be salt. But don’t miss that being salt isn’t an option. Jesus was teaching them what kind of person they must be. This was not the game pic your favorite spice. Jesus defined what they are to be – salty-salt. So what is salty-salt?
Salt is an amazing substance. It purifies, preserves, enhances flavors, it is necessary for life, but it also kills in too large of quantities. At one time in history it was equally valuable as gold. It is basically impossible to make tasteless. In the next hour I hope we will expend on these attributes of salt.
Because salt purifies, preserves, enhances, and is valuable – I believe the disciples were to be like salt: men who brought spiritual purity, who preserved the truth, enhanced every situation, brought life all with God’s wisdom and righteousness in right quantity. That they were valuable to others and that they never would loose their saltiness.
How is this possible? By learning from Jesus as His disciple, His follower. One of the key truths they learned is that being salt is meant spiritually. This starts with the fact that God is spirit John 4:24God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”
This is the big difference between Jesus and the religious leaders. Jesus taught about who worshipers are to be, in the spirit. The religious leaders taught what they believed people must do. Being is of the spirit, doing is of the flesh. To worship God and follow Jesus, it is necessary to be born spiritually. John 3.
So how does this work in us, are we to be salt as well as the disciples? If we are going to be Jesus followers, we must be salt just like the disciples. We are now Jesus’ disciples if our being includes the Beatitudes and salt and light. Like the 12 disciples after hearing they are salt – we also need to learn how to be spiritually – salty.
And here is your manual for being salt! If you are born spiritually, then when you read the manual, study it, memorize it, you will be salty-spiritual-salt. Spiritually-salty-salt are people who are living in the spirit, in step with the spirit (Galatians 5:25). These people are growing spiritually as disciples of Jesus’.
Paul taught this about being salt, that it does apply practically: Colossians 4:5Act wisely toward outsiders, making the most of the time. 6Your speech should always be gracious, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how you should answer each person.
When we are salt even what we say is to include salt. I believe Paul was teaching that even what we say is to include purity, preserve, enhance and bring value to every conversation. And I don’t believe this is limited to what we say. Being salt is to effect everything we are, do, think, read, say, look at, etc. When we are salt, we naturally do and say what is salty.
(And I did bring some dead sea water and salt from the bank of the dead sea. Feel free to dip a finger in the dead sea water and taste it, but beware. )
Verses 14 & 15 Light
14“You are the light of the world. A city situated on a hill cannot be hidden. 15No one lights a lamp and puts it under a basket, but rather on a lamp-stand, and it gives light for all who are in the house.
I will say this again, this may sound familiar. I spent a lot of time this week studying about Light to understand why Jesus taught the disciples that they were Light. In the end I am convinced that Jesus meant what He said and said what He meant.
Jesus’ followers, disciples, are light. But light that is covered, is useless. So, what kind of disciple do you believe Peter, James, John, and the rest of the 12 wanted to be when they heard this sermon? Yea, bright and useful-lights. They probably had little to know idea exactly what Jesus meant by His saying they are light. But I am confident they were motivated to find out how to be light.
So here are a few questions we need to discuss about light, especially if disciples are light. First is what is light? Second is how does it work? Third is how are disciples light? And fourth, what does this have to do with you and me?
First what is light?
Light, though very different than salt, is also an amazing thing. Scientists still don’t understand exactly what light is. So we won’t try now to explain it either. For our discussion today we will keep the definition of light simple, it is what makes things visible.
Second is how does it work?
Here are some practical details about light and how it works.
Did you know that if you had enough laser pointers you could hold up a small coin. About 30 Billion laser pointers would hold up a nickle coin. Light is more than just this invisible thing that makes it possible to see stuff. Light is actually a substance, sort of like air, but not. We can feel air, especially when we call it wind. And light sometimes is like air in that it pushes on us, just very very very lightly, but sometimes light acts nothing like a material substance.
Light is not the lack of darkness. Darkness is the lack of light. Darkness is when there is no light. Light totally removes the darkness, because darkness is nothing. Have you ever noticed how little light it takes to fill a dark room? Light is powerful! Darkness has no chance when light is present, unless the light is covered obviously. Darkness can not resist light, light always wins. I like how Solomon said it, Ecclesiastes 2:13 And I realized that there is an advantage to wisdom over folly, like the advantage of light over darkness.
Light exposes what is real, what is truly in the dark. Many of us are a little, maybe a lot, afraid of the dark. When it is dark the fear is based on what we don’t know and or what we think might be there. Light shows us what is there.
Light makes things safer. It shows us what is there so we can avoid the dangers of most kinds. It makes it possible to find a safe way to move and to travel. And it keeps many things that would harm us away, things that don’t like to be exposed by the light.
Third is how are disciples light?
In the beginning, Genesis 1, God made light and He separated the light from the darkness. This was easy for God because He is light. 1 John 1:5-10, verse 5Now this is the message we have heard from Him and declare to you: God is light, and there is absolutely no darkness in Him. This includes heaven, Revelation 21:23-24 where there is no light source other than God. God is light so it makes sense that His children would also be light!
And His Son is light, John 8 12Then Jesus spoke to them again: “I am the light of the world. Anyone who follows Me will never walk in the darkness but will have the light of life.”
So followers of Jesus have the light of life – so they are light, spiritual light.
God is light, Jesus is light. It doesn’t say that they do light, they are light. And because of what they are it leads to what they do. Light does many things because of what it is. As I said before it gets rid of darkness and in the process it reveals what was in the dark, this makes it possible to see what is truly there, see dangers, see a safe path, and scare away things that might try to hurt us.
I don’t know all the ways God and Jesus are light, but for sure they are spiritual light! “God is light, and there is absolutely no darkness in Him”. This is not talking about photons and the material world as much as the spiritual world. Jesus was, is, and always will be “the light of the world”, but He was not a bulb with a wire walking around Israel. He was, is, and always will be the spiritual light of the world.
Because Jesus is the light of the world, He got rid of the spiritual darkness, revealing the spiritual truth on the earth, so that we can see and know what is true, what are the dangers, and follow the path away from evil, we can “see” the way to God, while He scares away the evil one and His followers (James 2:19).
And Jesus’ disciples are to be like Him – “you are the light of the world”.
And fourth, what does this have to do with you and me?
We who are followers of Jesus, we are now the light of the world. We are now the spiritual light of the world. Later in the Sermon on the mount Jesus will teach more about light, Matthew 6:22-23
“The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eye is good, your whole body will be full of light.
But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. So if the light within you is darkness—how deep is that darkness!
So is Jesus saying we should look in the mirror and look for flames, a flashing light show, or a laser beam? Obviously not. In a few months we will dig deeper into the meaning of these verses. But take a moment and imagine you are looking in a mirror. What do you see in your eyes. Do you see the light of Jesus or something else? What do others see in your eyes?
16In the same way, let your light shine before men, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father in heaven.
I believe Jesus is teaching the disciples, and now us as well, that we are to be spiritual lights, shining brightly for all to see. Not shining through what we are on the outside, but who we are on the inside. The only good works we can do are in obedience to God’s will. If we do works other than God’s will, even in the name of Jesus, we may be the people in Matthew 7:22. 7:23 Jesus says “away from me you evil doers, I never knew you”.
Jesus must be who we are on the inside through the Holy Spirit. Paul taught it this way 1 Corinthians 6:19Don’t you know that your body is a sanctuary of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, 20for you were bought at a price. Therefore glorify God in your body.
So we either bring the Light of the World, Jesus, with us or we don’t. We are either followers of Jesus or we are not. We are salty-salt and beaming light, or we are not and we are useless to God.
When we are God’s spiritually salty-salt and His beaming light, then others will see our good works. Salt naturally does what salt does, good works. Light naturally does what light does, good works. Who we are leads to what we do in all ways. This is not our way, this is God’s way. God made salt and made it do what it does and He made light and He made it do what it does.
When we are God’s children, the ones blessed because of who we are, then our being results in doing God’s will which are good works. And true good works lead others to glorify God.
Please spend a few minutes of evaluation. What are you? Think about what you did last week.
If your being included the Beatitudes and salt and light – what you did will include being poor in spirit, pure in heart, gentle, merciful, and time spent with Jesus among many other good works. As salt you may have had conversations where you shared God’s truth, or in some way brought purity to a relationship. As light you may have shared your faith verbally about Jesus, but for sure they would have seen Jesus in you.
This is not a game we are playing with God. Jesus taught the disciples there are only two kinds of people. Those who are the blessed or those who are not. Please take out the list you wrote earlier – I am ___________. Be honest with the Lord, were you salt last week, were you light? If so praise the Lord. If not then don’t be discouraged, go to the Heavenly Father with a poor spirit and seek His forgiveness.
Notes & Resources Below
Salt Properties of?
NaCl (40% Na 60% Cl)
Salt is stable
Salt can have impurities, but only in small amounts
Salt is natural (halite) and produced by cleaning and purifying.
Required for all animals to live
All Salt comes into our bodies from outside.
How can it loose taste?
It can’t unless turned into something else – heat or electricity
Can be diluted
Can have impurities
Is the “saltiness” a metaphor?
Symbolic of purity
Many types and uses
Preservative in Egypt – mummies and food
Keep ground from growing
War – destroy enemy land
Food for animals
Verse in Psalms
Now 92% salt is used in ways other than food
Ex. city in israel
Manufacturing, Construction & Roads
Salary – wage of amount of salt for Roman soldiers
Salad – lettuce with salt, from Roman times
How are we like salt?
Covenant of salt with God?
Salt used in the Temple for sacrifices
Key Words in the Text
Become tasteless (made foolish, tainted, useless) note 3471
1 Corinthians 1:20
Aorist Subjunctive Passive fact that might happen to it from outside
Short Definition: I make foolish, taint, make useless
Definition: (a) I make foolish, turn to foolishness, (b) I taint, and thus: I am tasteless, make useless.
Cognate: 3471 mōraínō(from 3474 /mōrós) – dull, sluggish (“without an edge”); (figuratively) acting “stupid or silly,” “insipid, flat.” . . . “to play the fool” (WS, 30). See 3474 (mōros).
Verses with Salt 33 occurrence in the Bible
But his wife looked back and became a pillar of salt.
Prepare expertly blended incense from these; it is to be seasoned with salt, pure and holy.
You are to season each of your grain offerings with salt; you must not omit from your grain offering the salt of the covenant with your God. You are to present salt with each of your offerings.
“I give to you and to your sons and daughters all the holy contributions that the Israelites present to the Lord as a permanent statute. It is a permanent covenant of salt before the Lord for you as well as your offspring.”
All its soil will be a burning waste of sulfur and salt, unsown, producing nothing, with no plant growing on it, just like the fall of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the Lord demolished in His fierce anger.
Nibshan, the City of Salt, and En-gedi—six cities, with their villages.
So Abimelech fought against the city that entire day, captured it, and killed the people who were in it. Then he tore down the city and sowed it with salt.
2 Samuel 8:13
David made a reputation for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
2 Kings 2:20
He replied, “Bring me a new bowl and put salt in it.” After they had brought him one,
2 Kings 2:21
Elisha went out to the spring of water, threw salt in it, and said, “This is what the Lord says: ‘I have healed this water. No longer will death or unfruitfulness result from it.’”
2 Kings 14:7
Amaziah killed 10,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. He took Sela in battle and called it Joktheel, which is its name to this very day.
1 Chronicles 18:12
Abishai son of Zeruiah struck down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
2 Chronicles 13:5
Don’t you know that the Lord God of Israel gave the kingship over Israel to David and his descendants forever by a covenant of salt?
2 Chronicles 25:11
Amaziah strengthened his position and led his people to the Valley of Salt. He struck down 10,000 Seirites,
Whatever is needed—young bulls, rams, and lambs for burnt offerings to the God of heaven, or wheat, salt, wine, and oil, as requested by the priests in Jerusalem—let it be given to them every day without fail,
up to 7,500 pounds of silver, 500 bushels of wheat, 550 gallons of wine, 550 gallons of oil, and salt without limit.
Is bland food eaten without salt? Is there flavor in an egg white?
I made the wilderness its home, and the salty wasteland its dwelling.
[ Psalm 60 ] [ Prayer in Difficult Times ] [ For the choir director: according to “The Lily of Testimony.” A Davidic Miktam for teaching. When he fought with Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck Edom in the Valley of Salt, killing 12,000. ] God, You have rejected us; You have broken out against us; You have been angry. Restore us!
and fruitful land into salty wasteland, because of the wickedness of its inhabitants.
The oxen and donkeys that work the ground will eat salted fodder scattered with winnowing shovel and fork.
He will be like a juniper in the Arabah; he cannot see when good comes but dwells in the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land where no one lives.
Make Moab a salt marsh, for she will run away; her towns will become a desolation, without inhabitant.
As for your birth, your umbilical cord wasn’t cut on the day you were born, and you weren’t washed clean with water. You were not rubbed with salt or wrapped in cloths.
You must present them before the Lord; the priests will throw salt on them and sacrifice them as a burnt offering to the Lord.
Yet its swamps and marshes will not be healed; they will be left for salt.
Therefore, as I live— this is the declaration of the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel— Moab will be like Sodom and the Ammonites like Gomorrah— a place overgrown with weeds, a salt pit, and a perpetual wasteland. The remnant of My people will plunder them; the remainder of My nation will dispossess them.
[ Believers Are Salt and Light ] “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt should lose its taste, how can it be made salty? It’s no longer good for anything but to be thrown out and trampled on by men.
For everyone will be salted with fire.
Salt is good, but if the salt should lose its flavor, how can you make it salty? Have salt among yourselves and be at peace with one another.”
“Now, salt is good, but if salt should lose its taste, how will it be made salty?
Your speech should always be gracious, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how you should answer each person.
Can a fig tree produce olives, my brothers, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a saltwater spring yield fresh water.
Light 275 times in the Bible
Then God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
God saw that the light was good, and God separated the light from the darkness.
God called the light “day,” and He called the darkness “night.” Evening came and then morning: the first day.
Then God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night. They will serve as signs for festivals and for days and years.
They will be lights in the expanse of the sky to provide light on the earth.” And it was so.
God made the two great lights—the greater light to have dominion over the day and the lesser light to have dominion over the night—as well as the stars.
God placed them in the expanse of the sky to provide light on the earth,
to dominate the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good.
They struck the men who were at the entrance of the house, both young and old, with a blinding light so that they were unable to find the entrance.
One person could not see another, and for three days they did not move from where they were. Yet all the Israelites had light where they lived.
The Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to lead them on their way during the day and in a pillar of fire to give them light at night, so that they could travel day or night.
But now, for a brief moment, grace has come from Yahweh our God to preserve a remnant for us and give us a stake in His holy place. Even in our slavery, God has given us new life and light to our eyes.
If only that day had turned to darkness! May God above not care about it, or light shine on it.
Lord, You light my lamp; my God illuminates my darkness.
The precepts of the Lord are right, making the heart glad; the command of the Lord is radiant, making the eyes light up.
[ Psalm 27 ] [ My Stronghold ] [ Davidic. ] The Lord is my light and my salvation— whom should I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life— of whom should I be afraid?
for with You is life’s fountain. In Your light we will see light.
Happy are the people who know the joyful shout; Yahweh, they walk in the light of Your presence.
Light dawns for the righteous, gladness for the upright in heart.
Light shines in the darkness for the upright. He is gracious, compassionate, and righteous.
The path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, shining brighter and brighter until midday.
For a command is a lamp, teaching is a light, and corrective discipline is the way to life.
The light of the righteous shines brightly, but the lamp of the wicked is put out.
When a king’s face lights up, there is life; his favor is like a cloud with spring rain.
The Lord’s lamp sheds light on a person’s life, searching the innermost parts.
The poor and the oppressor have this in common: the Lord gives light to the eyes of both.
And I realized that there is an advantage to wisdom over folly, like the advantage of light over darkness.
Light is sweet, and it is pleasing for the eyes to see the sun.
Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness, who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.
The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; a light has dawned on those living in the land of darkness.
“I, Yahweh, have called You for a righteous purpose, and I will hold You by Your hand. I will keep You and appoint You to be a covenant for the people and a light to the nations,
He says, “It is not enough for you to be My Servant raising up the tribes of Jacob and restoring the protected ones of Israel. I will also make you a light for the nations, to be My salvation to the ends of the earth.”
[ The Lord’s Glory in Zion ] Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord shines over you.
Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your radiance.
The sun will no longer be your light by day, and the brightness of the moon will not shine on you; but the Lord will be your everlasting light, and your God will be your splendor.
Your sun will no longer set, and your moon will not fade; for the Lord will be your everlasting light, and the days of your sorrow will be over.
[ Zion’s Restoration ] I will not keep silent because of Zion, and I will not keep still because of Jerusalem, until her righteousness shines like a bright light and her salvation, like a flaming torch.
He reveals the deep and hidden things; He knows what is in the darkness, and light dwells with Him.
[ The Day of the Lord ] Woe to you who long for the Day of the Lord! What will the Day of the Lord be for you? It will be darkness and not light.
Won’t the Day of the Lord be darkness rather than light, even gloom without any brightness in it?
[ Zion’s Vindication ] Do not rejoice over me, my enemy! Though I have fallen, I will stand up; though I sit in darkness, the Lord will be my light.
Because I have sinned against Him, I must endure the Lord’s rage until He argues my case and establishes justice for me. He will bring me into the light; I will see His salvation.
On that day there will be no light; the sunlight and moonlight will diminish.
It will be a day known only to Yahweh, without day or night, but there will be light at evening.
The people who live in darkness have seen a great light, and for those living in the shadowland of death, light has dawned.
“You are the light of the world. A city situated on a hill cannot be hidden.
No one lights a lamp and puts it under a basket, but rather on a lampstand, and it gives light for all who are in the house.
In the same way, let your light shine before men, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father in heaven.
“The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eye is good, your whole body will be full of light.
But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. So if the light within you is darkness—how deep is that darkness!
a light for revelation to the Gentiles and glory to Your people Israel.
[ Using Your Light ] “No one, after lighting a lamp, covers it with a basket or puts it under a bed, but puts it on a lampstand so that those who come in may see its light.
For nothing is concealed that won’t be revealed, and nothing hidden that won’t be made known and come to light.
[ The Lamp of the Body ] “No one lights a lamp and puts it in the cellar or under a basket, but on a lampstand, so that those who come in may see its light.
Your eye is the lamp of the body. When your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light. But when it is bad, your body is also full of darkness.
Take care then, that the light in you is not darkness.
If, therefore, your whole body is full of light, with no part of it in darkness, it will be entirely illuminated, as when a lamp shines its light on you.”
“The master praised the unrighteous manager because he had acted astutely. For the sons of this age are more astute than the sons of light in dealing with their own people.
Life was in Him, and that life was the light of men.
That light shines in the darkness, yet the darkness did not overcome it.
He came as a witness to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him.
He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light.
The true light, who gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.
“This, then, is the judgment: The light has come into the world, and people loved darkness rather than the light because their deeds were evil.
For everyone who practices wicked things hates the light and avoids it, so that his deeds may not be exposed.
But anyone who lives by the truth comes to the light, so that his works may be shown to be accomplished by God.”
John was a burning and shining lamp, and for a time you were willing to enjoy his light.
[ The Light of the World ] Then Jesus spoke to them again: “I am the light of the world. Anyone who follows Me will never walk in the darkness but will have the light of life.”
As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
“Aren’t there 12 hours in a day?” Jesus answered. “If anyone walks during the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world.
If anyone walks during the night, he does stumble, because the light is not in him.”
Jesus answered, “The light will be with you only a little longer. Walk while you have the light so that darkness doesn’t overtake you. The one who walks in darkness doesn’t know where he’s going.
While you have the light, believe in the light so that you may become sons of light.” Jesus said this, then went away and hid from them.
I have come as a light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me would not remain in darkness.
For this is what the Lord has commanded us: I have made you a light for the Gentiles to bring salvation to the ends of the earth.”
to open their eyes so they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that by faith in Me they may receive forgiveness of sins and a share among those who are sanctified.’
that the Messiah must suffer, and that as the first to rise from the dead, He would proclaim light to our people and to the Gentiles.”
and if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light to those in darkness,
The night is nearly over, and the daylight is near, so let us discard the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.
2 Corinthians 4:4
In their case, the god of this age has blinded the minds of the unbelievers so they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
2 Corinthians 4:6
For God who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of God’s glory in the face of Jesus Christ.
2 Corinthians 6:14
[ Separation to God ] Do not be mismatched with unbelievers. For what partnership is there between righteousness and lawlessness? Or what fellowship does light have with darkness?
2 Corinthians 11:14
And no wonder! For Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.
For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Walk as children of light—
for the fruit of the light results in all goodness, righteousness, and truth—
Everything exposed by the light is made clear,
for what makes everything clear is light. Therefore it is said: Get up, sleeper, and rise up from the dead, and the Messiah will shine on you.
giving thanks to the Father, who has enabled you to share in the saints’ inheritance in the light.
1 Thessalonians 5:5
For you are all sons of light and sons of the day. We do not belong to the night or the darkness.
1 Timothy 6:16
the only One who has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light; no one has seen or can see Him, to Him be honor and eternal might. Amen.
Every generous act and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights; with Him there is no variation or shadow cast by turning.
1 Peter 2:9
But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for His possession, so that you may proclaim the praises of the One who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.
1 John 1:5
[ Fellowship with God ] Now this is the message we have heard from Him and declare to you: God is light, and there is absolutely no darkness in Him.
1 John 1:7
But if we walk in the light as He Himself is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.
1 John 2:8
Yet I am writing you a new command, which is true in Him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true light is already shining.
1 John 2:9
The one who says he is in the light but hates his brother is in the darkness until now.
1 John 2:10
The one who loves his brother remains in the light, and there is no cause for stumbling in him.
The nations will walk in its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it.
Night will no longer exist, and people will not need lamplight or sunlight, because the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign forever and ever.